Module 1: Introduction to Dementia
Module 2: Dementia Stages and Assessment
Module 3: Behavioral Symptoms and Non-Pharmacological Therapies
Module 4: Palliative Care and Medication Use in Dementia Care
Module 5: Dementia and Caregiving
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3.3 Nonpharmacologic Approach

Nonpharmacologic treatments involve interacting with the patient and their physical and social surroundings.
The prevention, reduction, management, or elimination of behavioral occurrences, the easing of caregiver distress, and the prevention of negative outcomes are among the treatment objectives of the nonpharmacologic approach.
Nonpharmacologic treatments are advised as the first line of treatment by medical organizations and working groups, except for emergencies where behaviors put the patient or caregiver in immediate danger and necessitate hospitalization.

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) – It may help alleviate depression in early-stage dementia patients and help them adjust to the early assessment and plan for the future. These measures might be beneficial when a patient receives their initial diagnosis.
  • Memory Training – A person with early-stage dementia can maximize cognitive performance and independence by employing external memory aids.
  • Alternative Therapies – These include animal-aided therapy, multisensory therapy, massage and aromatherapy, and music and dance therapy.
  • Environmental Approach – They promote innovative approaches to treating dementia symptoms that focus on the environment of the individual who has dementia. A dementia patient should be in a relaxed, unchanging setting that is
    familiar to them.
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