Module 1: Introduction to Dementia
Module 2: Dementia Stages and Assessment
Module 3: Behavioral Symptoms and Non-Pharmacological Therapies
Module 4: Palliative Care and Medication Use in Dementia Care
Module 5: Dementia and Caregiving
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3.4 Nonpharmacologic Strategies for Managing Behavioral Symptoms

Some nonpharmacologic strategies for managing behavioral symptoms include the following:

  • Communication

It involves the following:

  • Giving the patient enough time to react to a question
  • Providing one- to two-step straightforward spoken instructions
  • Using a soothing, calming voice
  • Providing straightforward options during questioning
  • Avoiding using harsh language and tone
  • Creating calm or helping the patient refocus through touch
  • Aiding the patient in expressing themselves.
  • Environment

It involves the following:

  • Getting rid of extra items
  • Labeling items or adding additional visual hints
  • Keeping the area quiet and distraction-free when speaking or the patient is working on something.
  • Utilizing quick visual cues.
  • Caregiver Education and Support

It involves the following:

  • Recognizing that behaviors are not deliberate
  • Understanding how to loosen the rules.

Nonpharmacologic methods should be a part of routine dementia therapy since they produce high levels of caregiver and patient satisfaction, improved quality of life, and decreased behavioral symptoms with little risk and side effects.

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