Hand hygiene is a hand cleaning method that significantly reduces the presence of pathogens (hazardous microorganisms) on the hands. It is a critical component of reducing the risk of infection transmission among patients and healthcare workers. Hand hygiene practices include using alcohol-based hand massagers (60–95 percent alcohol) and soap and water hand washing.
You should perform a preoperative skin scrub before putting on sterile surgeon’s gloves for medical procedures and use an alcohol-based hand rub or plain/antiseptic soap specific for regular dental assessments and nonoperative procedures in healthcare environments.
In most medical settings, an alcohol-based hand rub is favored over soap and water unless hands are noticeably dirtied (stained with dirt, blood, or body fluids) because it: