7.4 The Difference Between Real and Pseudo-Outbreaks

An outbreak is characterized by increased occurrences, such as infectious diseases or the number of microbes in a geographical region above the threshold rate. This increase could be due to a single infection, such as anthrax, Legionella, cluster A streptococcal infection, or multiple infections. The increase could happen in weeks or months and in a single entity or across multiple hospitals.

The term pseudo-outbreak refers to a situation in which a microscopic organism is found in a culture at a higher rate than anticipated and cannot be linked to the alleged infection intimated by primary culture from a clinical standpoint.

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